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The Eastern and Southern Africa Centre of International Parasite Control (ESACIPAC) was established in May 2001 with the goal of coordinating activities on school health based parasite control in the Eastern & Southern Africa region under the framework of the Global Parasite Control Initiative (also called Hashimoto initiative). Japan successfully eliminated major parasitic diseases, including malaria, lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis and intestinal worms using a school health based approach. Based on this experience, the Government of Japan in 1998 proposed the Hashimoto initiative and established three research and training centres around the world - in Asia, East Africa, and West Africa.

The Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) officially inaugurated ESACIPAC as a research and training centre of the institute in 2002 to ensure its sustainability and as a strategy to improve KEMRI’s contribution to capacity building for human health improvement through supporting parasite control activities in the region.

Although the Hashimoto Initiative stopped abruptly in 2008, the Centre has made major strides forward realizing substantial growth in number of projects and diversity of activities undertaken. New partnerships and collaborations have been established ensuring that ESACIPAC continues to be a regional Centre of excellence in parasite control.